They committed the worst attack on American forces in Kabul since 2011.
In the explosion that struck Abbey Gate, one the main access points to Kabul’s airport on Thursday night August 26, at least 85 people were killed and many more were injured. The Afghan branch, part of the Islamic State group, quickly took control of the attack that claimed thirteen American soldiers.
»Video decryption with researchers Didier Leroy and Raffaello Pantucci
On Tuesday, the Americans and then the British warned their nationals about the possibility of terrorist attacks. Very serious” und ” imminent »Around the airport. The American president declared, a few hours prior to the attack:
The formation of the group occurred at the beginning of 2014, at the height of ISIS’s insurgency in Syria and Iraq. Former members of the Pakistani Taliban pledged their loyalty to Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi shortly after the proclamation and establishment of a caliphate. The Taliban were disillusioned and defecting Afghans joined them. IS officially recognized Khorasan’s creation in 2015 (wilaya).
Khorasan, which is also known as “ISIS K”, the English-speaking name for the terrorist group, was once the name of a region that encompassed parts of Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran. ‘Current Central Asia. The Islamic State in Afghanistan is less well established in Afghan society than the Taliban, notes Didier Leroy, researcher at the Royal Higher Institute of Defense (Belgium) and professor at the Université Libre de Bruxelles:
It is not possible to determine the exact number of men who make up this terrorist group. They range between 500 and ” A few thousand ”, According to a UN Security Council report published in July. Raffaello Pantucci, an expert in terrorist issues, gives a broad estimation. This is explained by the fluidity in the armed forces in Afghanistan.
ISIS in Afghanistan is still a threat.
This group has mainly targeted Muslims that they consider heretics, particularly Shiites. He claimed responsibility for an attack against Shiites at a Kabul wedding that resulted in the deaths of 91 people.
Also, he was strongly suspected to have been involved in an attack on a maternity clinic in a Shiite neighbourhood in the capital in May 2020 that claimed 25 lives, including 16 newborns.
The group is also linked to an attack on a crowd in Sweden in 2017. In that attack, a truck collided with a crowd and killed 5 people, injuring 10.
These are radical Sunni groups. However, they differ in theology and strategy.
« They not only compete to be the embodiment of jihad but also to recruit fighters and for resources. Raffaello Pantucci points out.