The United States has officially recognized the existence of genocide eight times since the Holocaust.
The United States declared officially Monday, March 21 that Rohingyas have been the victims of a massacre. “genocide”Burmese army claims to have evidence of a desire for revenge. ” destroy “This Muslim minority lived in 2016 and 2017.
“I have established that members of the Myanmar military committed genocide and crimes against humanity against the Rohingya in 2016 and 2017”Antony Blinken, US Secretary of State, stated in Washington
He stated that this was the eighth time since the Holocaust the United States has officially recognized the existence of genocide. To determine whether the Burmese government is guilty of this crime, proceedings are under way before the International Court of Justice.
A collection of evidence from “from independent and impartial sources”Include NGOs “In addition, to our own investigation”Show “an intent to destroy the Rohingya, in whole or in part”Antony Blinken “The army’s intentions went beyond ethnic cleansing to actual destruction.”According to him, this minority is the majority.
He specifically cited an American diplomacy Report dating back to 2018, which focuses on two periods: August 2017 and October 2016. For example, Burmese soldiers were captured in September 2017. “razed villages, killed, tortured, raped men, women and children”He listed.
He believed that the 2016 attacks were among the most devastating. “Forced approximately 100,000”Members of this Muslim minority fled Burma in search of Bangladesh. The attacks of 2017 prompted them to flee Burma. “killed more than 9,000 Rohingya and forced more than 740,000 of them to seek refuge”In this neighboring country.
“The attacks against the Rohingya were widespread and systematic, which is essential to qualify as crimes against humanity,”The head of American diplomacy explained.
Rohingya activists reacted with caution to the American initiative, which was expected from Sunday. “It should have been done a long time ago, however I think that the American decision will help the process before the ICJ for the Rohingyas”A refugee from one the camps where people are displaced by the crisis lives, near Sittwe capital of Rakhine State, said the following:
Thin Thin Hlaing (a Rohingya rights activist) also welcomed the US decision. “I feel like I am living in a blackout. But now, we see a light because our suffering is recognized”She spoke.
Around 850,000 Rohingya remain in camps in Bangladesh. Another 600,000 are still in Rakhine state in Burma. “It is good to see the administration take this long-awaited step to hold this brutal regime to account”On Sunday evening, the senator from Oregon, Jeff Merkley tweeted his support.
The American diplomatic chief didn’t accompany the recognition with new sanctions against Burma. The United States already has a number of sanctions against Burmese leaders. It has also, like other Western nations, long restricted arms exports to the Burmese military. These were allegations that were made even before the coup. 1 soldierIs February 2021 of crimes against humanity for their abuses of the Rohingyas.
The 2019 request from The Gambia to open a case against Burma before The ICJ was complicated by Aung San Suu Kyi’s putsch, which overthrew her civilian leader and her government. This triggered mass protests and a brutal crackdown.