The European Union claims that Warsaw has endangered the independence and independence of the judiciary. A recent Polish reform created an organization for the supervision and sanctioning of judges. The European Court of Justice deems this “an attack upon the rule of law”.
On Wednesday, October 27th Warsaw was ordered to pay Brussels a fine amounting to one million euros per person for not putting an end to activities of the Supreme Court’s Discipline Chamber. This crucial institution is involved in controversial reforms of the Polish judicial system.
The European Commission requested this financial sanction on September 7, and the sum must be paid. This is part of the intense dispute between Brussels and Poland over the rule and independence of the judiciary.
Mateusz Morawiecki is the head of the Polish conservative nationalist government. He has promised to abolish the disciplinary chamber. Although it was announced by Warsaw in August, but continues to function, Brussels accuses this body of undermining magistrates’ autonomy.
On July 14, the Court of Justice of the EU, (CJEU), ordered Poland to stop all activities of the chamber. Because this decision was not respected, the European executive asked the CJEU, in light of the fact that sanctions were being imposed on Poland. “The EU’s judicial and administrative systems must be fair and independent”.
“Compliance with the provisional measures ordered on July 14 is necessary in order to avoid serious and irreparable damage to the legal order of the European Union as well as to the values on which this Union is founded, in particular that of the State of law “CJEU, located in Luxembourg, declared Wednesday.
This was the main topic of the European Summit of the Twenty-Seven last week.
Warsaw has been at war with Brussels for years over judicial reforms carried out by the Nationalist Conservative Party, (PiS), which are accused of undermining independence of judges.
Tensions have grown since a Polish Constitutional Court ruling of October 7, declaring certain articles from European treaties incompatible the Polish Constitutional Court’s national constitution. Brussels condemned the decision as an attack on the primacy European law and the CJEU’s jurisdiction.